Tuesday, April 29, 2014

Exploring Rollo's Roots: DNA Leads the Way


   It’s been nearly a year since I wrote about William the Conqueror’s DNA.  Based on a study of men with surnames historically associated with William and their corresponding Y-DNA, I concluded that I identified the genetic signature of the first Norman King of England.  Now it’s time to get back to William and more specifically his 3rd great grandfather, Rollo.  To be honest, the 37 marker Y-DNA haplotype that I published is really connected to Richard the Fearless, William’s great grandfather.  Genealogically, the surnames in the study trace back to Richard.  As long as there was no hanky-panky, William the Conqueror has the same Y-DNA as Richard.  What that also means is that Richard has the same Y-DNA as his grandfather, Rollo.

   Based on the work done in my previous paper, the following haplotype is that of William the Conqueror (and Richard the Fearless)-


DYS393
DYS390
DYS19
DYS391
DYS385a
DYS385b
DYS426
DYS388
DYS439
DYS389i
DYS392
DYS389ii
13
24
14
11
11
14
12
12
12
13
13
29

DYS458
DYS459a
DYS459b
DYS455
DYS454
DYS447
DYS437
DYS448
DYS449
DYS464a
DYS464b
DYS464c
DYS464d
17
9
10
11
11
25
15
19
29
15
15
17
17

DYS460
Y-GATA-H4
YCAIIa
YCAIIb
DYS456
DYS607
DYS576
DYS570
CDYa
CDYb
DYS442
DYS438
11
11
19
23
15
15
17
17
36
37
12
12


   There is an assumption, inherent in genetic genealogy, that there weren’t any non-paternal events between the generations that separate Rollo and William and that this haplotype is that of Rollo as well.  One of the goals for this Rollo study is to get more accurate with his haplotype by narrowing the dataset to only those records with 67 markers.  The second goal is to determine Rollo’s haplogroup R SNP.  The best I was able to determine for William was R-P312, which is a fairly high level SNP.  My third goal is to determine Rollo’s origin using my TribeMapper analysis.  Whether Rollo is Danish or Norwegian has been disputed for hundreds of years.

   I picked up where I left off with William.  There were 152 Y-DNA records that made it into the William the Conqueror Modal Haplotype (WCMH).  For each of these records a 67 marker test result and SNP testing result were added to the analysis, where the data was available.  I threw out any record that didn’t have enough data and retained the ones that grouped into a single SNP of R-DF13 (just downstream of R-L21).  Based on these final 25 records, I have identified the 67 marker Rollo Norman Modal Haplotype (RNMH) as follows:

DYS393
DYS390
DYS19
DYS391
DYS385a
DYS385b
DYS426
DYS388
DYS439
DYS389i
DYS392
DYS389ii
13
24
14
11
11
14
12
12
12
13
13
29

DYS458
DYS459a
DYS459b
DYS455
DYS454
DYS447
DYS437
DYS448
DYS449
DYS464a
DYS464b
DYS464c
DYS464d
17
9
10
11
11
25
15
19
29
15
15
17
17

DYS460
Y-GATA-H4
YCAIIa
YCAIIb
DYS456
DYS607
DYS576
DYS570
CDYa
CDYb
DYS442
DYS438
11
11
19
23
15
15
17
17
36
37
12
12

DYS531
DYS578
DYF395S1a
DYF395S1b
DYS590
DYS537
DYS641
DYS472
DYF406S1
DYS511
DYS425
DYS413a
DYS413b
11
9
15
16
8
10
10
8
10
10
12
23
23

DYS557
DYS594
DYS436
DYS490
DYS534
DYS450
DYS444
DYS481
DYS520
DYS446
DYS617
DYS568
16
10
12
12
16
8
12
22
20
13
12
11

DYS487
DYS572
DYS640
DYS492
DYS565
13
11
11
12
12

Based on this modal haplotype and the associated SNP, a broader collection of genetic cousin records were identified to be used with my new TribeMapper analysis (Biogeographical Multilateration).




   This map shows the geographic distribution of Rollo’s cousins.  The large number of points along the coast of Normandy is a good sign.  If the majority of points were in Eastern Europe, I would have to revisit my whole hypothesis about William the Conqueror.  It is best not to try to interpret any relationships until we look at them through the lens of a phylogenetic tree.



   The TribeMapper analysis takes into consideration the mapped location, the tree node connections and the time between common ancestors.  The time is converted to distance based on the demic diffusion migration rate.  The distance is plotted to ‘triangulate’ the geographic location of each common ancestor.  This is a process called multilateration.

   The earliest documented origins for Rollo come from Dudo of Saint-Quentin in 1015 and William of Jumièges in 1060.  Both ‘histories’ were commissioned by the House of Normandy and attribute a Danish origin to Rollo.  Commissioned biographies can border on mythology.   The Norwegian Orkneyinga Saga, from the 13th century, gives Rollo a Norwegian origin. 

   I’ve run the analysis with Rollo’s record as an unknown location.  TribeMapper allows us to back into the location for any unknown point.  What we get is a highly constrained location for Rollo’s ancestor, in the middle of Denmark.  The data then shows that Rollo may have lived within 226 km of that paternal ancestor.  The red circle illustrates the range for Rollo.  This covers the majority of Denmark.  The data also shows that Rollo’s ancestors, going back at least 12 generations were also in Denmark.



   We can give the Norwegians some credit also.  The ancestors of Rollo’s ancestors were Nowegian, with an origin on the west coast of Norway.  Rollo’s ancestors were responsible for multiple branches of migration into Europe.  This includes a back migration into Norway that then went on to invade Scotland.



   This was accomplished with small sample of 65 records for simplification.  Much larger data sets could determine the genetic flow in a greater geographic and chronologic view.  Additional records within the same SNP grouping could result in a more accurate origin for Rollo.  Records that are genetically upstream from the SNP and STR group used, may identify the nomadic migrations prior to the Western Norway settlement.


   I’ve run this simulation multiple times, getting the same results.  I’m comfortable calling Rollo – “The Dane”.

Reference:

Maglio, MR (2014) Biogeographical Origins and Y-chromosome Signature for the House of Normandy  (Link)

73 comments:

  1. There are lots of "Rolo" and previously "Rollo" in central western part of Portugal. Would these surnames be also related to the persons on your study?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi,

      This study is specifically about Rollo 'the Dane', first Duke of Normandy and 3rd great grandfather of William the Conqueror.

      Thanks

      Delete
    2. Hello Mr Maglio;
      I would like to present to you my well documented family tree:
      ME... :-)
      my mom: D.E. Whateley,
      her dad: S.T. Whateley,
      his mom: J. Sanders,
      her mom: M. Smith,
      her mom: L. Harding,
      her dad: Thomas B. Harding V,
      his dad: Thomas Harding IV,
      his dad: Thomas Harding III,
      his mom: Mary Hayward,
      her dad: Edward Hayward II,
      his dad: Edward Hayward I,
      his dad: John William Hayward
      his mom: Margery Thayer,
      her dad: John Thayer III,
      his mom: Constance de Holbrook,
      her mom: Edith E. Saunders,
      her dad: John Saunders III,
      his mom: Joan Carew,
      her dad: Thomas II Carew,
      his dad: Nicholas Carew V,
      his mom: Isabel Willoughby,
      her mom: Joan de Grey,
      her dad: John de Grey II,
      his dad: John de Grey I,
      his mom: Joan de Valognes,
      her dad: Thomas de Valognes,
      his mom: Isabel de Creke,
      her mom: Agnes de Glanville,
      her mom: Gundred de Warenne,
      her mom: Adelia de Ponthieu,
      her mom: Helene de Bourgogne,
      her mom: Sibylla de Bourgogne,
      her dad: William de Bourgogne I,
      his mom: Alice de Normandy,
      her dad: Richard de Normandy II,
      his dad: Richard de Normandy I,
      his dad: William de Normandy I,
      his dad: ROLLO RAGNVALDSSON,
      his dad: ROGNVALD EYSTEINSSON,
      his mom: A. ROGNVALDSDATTER,
      her mom: Thora SIGURDSDATTER,
      her dad: SIGURD RAGNARRSON
      ("snake in the eye" ;
      his mom was Aslaug)

      his dad:

      RAGNAR LODBROK SIGURDSSON
      (750-845)

      his dad: Sigurd H. Randvarsson
      his dad: Randvar Rathbarthsson


      A side note: Ragnars mom was:
      Alfhild Gandolfsdottir

      Delete
    3. Your family tree interestingly indicates a Norwegian origin of Rollo as Walking Rolf Ragnvaldsson. His father, also found in your family tree, Ragnvald Eysteinson was earl of Møre in Norway (where I live). His grand father was called Eystein Glumra Ivarsson. We have very little historical valid information of Eystein or his forfathers. However I believe that it is not likely that he was married to the daughter of a danish Princess. Rollo, like any good viking with aspirations, would probably lie trough his teets about his origin. The dates does not add up:
      Rollo (and Walking Rolf Ragnvaldsson) was born in year 860. We know that King Ælla of Northumbia was killed by Sigurd Ragnarsson and his brothers in 867 as a revenge for the killing of his father Ragnar Lodbrok. This would mean that Rollo was born when his great, great, great grand father was still alive, which of course is impossible.
      However, if Rollo is actually identical to Walking Rolf Ragnvaldsson, you could add the whole family dynasty after Eystein Ivarson to your family tree. This includes the first Norwegian queen, Svanhild Eysteinson. His descendents ruled Scotland and northern parts of Ireland with base in the Orkeny Islands for centuries. This also includes most of the clans in Scottland.
      /Øyvind Eliassen

      Delete
    4. RE;catzendoiz I will only believe you if you have a royal title and if not you have definitely stuffed up somewhere

      Delete
    5. my bloodline is A Direct line from SNAKE-IN-THE-EYE & I have my mtDNA From FTDNA & am from TASAR Nicolas II

      Delete
    6. HOW I GOT MY EX HUSBAND BACK WITH THE HELP OF DR DIDII want to tell you all that i was able to put an end to my divorce issue and restore my marriage again, because i never wanted it to happen. i don't know what came over my husband that he was filling for divorce, i tried to talk to him out of it when he told me and he didn't listen to me, i had no other option than to seek for the help of a spell caster and now am glad I did. Because if not for the help of spell, i don't know what would have become of me by now because i loved my husband so much that i couldn't stand loosing him. i saw a post on a "love and relationship forum" about a spell caster who helps people to cast spell on 
      marriage and relationship issues, when i contacted this spell caster via 
      email, he helped me cast a re-union spell and my husband changed and came 
      apologizing to me and the kids. Contact this great spell caster for your 
      relationship or marriage issues 
       (drdidisolutiontemple@gmail.com or whatsapp +2349018958016) to know more about him visit his website https://drdidisolutiontemple.weebly.com https://mariabill803.blogspot.com/   https://drdidisolutiontemple.weebly.com/testimonies.html that's how  i got the help to restore
      my marriage by dr didi.  

      Delete
  2. Hi Michael
    I find this all really interesting. My family originates in Fife Scotland very close to the clan lands in Perthshire.and I was alw\ays lead to believe that this branch of the family were decendants from William and his anscestors. Looks like i should be flying a Danish flag rather than a Norweigan Flag for my anscestors.

    Eric Rollo

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hi Michael,

    This is fascinating. When I saw the STRs, I was intrigued because the first 12 are a perfect match for my branch of Norwoods. We have not been able to connect to anyone apart from proven descendants of our earliest American ancestor, so any clues as to where he might have come from are welcome. By 25 markers, the distance is 3 ; by 37 markers, 8; and in the final markers to 67, there are three more differences for a total of 11. Not descendants of Rollo, but not too distantly related either in DNA terms. Our ancestry is labeled Orcadian by FTDNA, which fits with a North Sea origin. The haplogroup is R-DF27*. Thank you for sharing your work.

    Richard Norwood

    ReplyDelete
  4. Hi: Fascinating reading and I can see various surnames found in Percy history. I am either a Y descendant of William de Percy a cousin of WTC via Rollo or of Josceline de Louvaine a Y descendant of Charlemagne who married a Percy heiress C1150 which may be helpful. I am R1B-U152 tested at Leicester University by Dr Trudi King. I have not yet compared my markers with those herewith but will do so soon. Percy recorded history can start with Rollo and/or Charlemagne

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Charles, I found your posting interesting. I seem to match Rollo both through the Vikings and through Lambert de Louvain as well. Please contact me and we can compare notes. John Walsh

      Delete
  5. The earliest Rollo ancestor I can trace is William Rollo who died in Kershaw County, SC in 1812. The first documentation we have for him is a land grant in the Georgetown District of SC in 1792. In 1783-1784, he received pay for military service in the Revolutionary War from the Wilmington district in NC. So we know that he was here during (at least) part of the Revolutionary War. But we don't know if he came from Scotland, Italy, England, France, etc. Is there anything you can suggest about the first Rollo in America and his origins?

    ReplyDelete
  6. Hi Michael,

    I am a living descendant of Rollo and his lineage through King John, Bogislav VIII,
    and Erik XIV, the Swedish king. I know that Rollo was born in Scania and his father and grandfather and grandgrandfather was kings in Scania. During this period was Scania and Denmark separate areas with their own kings.The flags of Scania and Normandie with the golden cross is the kingdom of Scania´s regale.
    Rollos father was brother with the danish and scanian king Holger Danske. 886 fight the danish king Sigfred, scanian king Holger Danske and Rollo against Euedes Count of Paris and Gozlin the bishop of Paris in a battle which started november 885 and ended in the end of 886. Rollo stay in Normandie and built up a base camp in Rouen after this battle. King Siegfred died when he and king Holger Danske return to theirs countries. Holger Danske united Scania, Jutland and the danish icelands and become King of Scania and Denmark from 886-894. He died 894.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Benny; I am a direct descendant of Rollo. Rollo was Ragar Lodbrok Sigurdssons great grandson.

      Delete
    2. I am sorry but Rollos grandfather Osfred from Scania also named “Walking Rolf from Sire”and Ragnar Lodbrok was cousins. Rollos great grandfather Godfred and Ragnar Lodbroks father Sigurd Ring was brothers. Ragnar Lodbrok and Rollos father Askettil Osfredsson also named “Asger” occupied Paris Easter 845. During a period from 841 to 886 can we find the Scanian royal family who are building up a community with a base around Rouen in Normandie.

      Delete
  7. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Hi, Rollo is my 31st great grandfather. I have 2 lines through WTC and a few that bypass WTC but get to Rollo as well. I have had my DNA scanned by Ancestry.com and am wondering how I can combine the 2 to make sure everything is correct? Can anyone help with that? I am also concerned with the fact vs. saga parts of history that come when going past Rollo. A few of my lines (including through Rollo) lead to Ragnar Lodbrok, who may or may not have been a real person. How do others deal with the lack of hard data in this area? On my tree I show Ragnar with SAGA or Myth by his name. Any ideas?

    ReplyDelete
  9. Rollo “the Norwegian Viking”?

    From the excellent report - “Biogeographical Origins and Y-chromosome Signature for the House of Normandy” by Michael R. Maglio, - it seems evident that Rollo, in fact, was not identical to the legendary Norwegian Viking “Walking Rolf” Ragnvaldsson. Rollo had Danish genes in the DNA of the male Y-chromosome.

    However, a back immigration from Denmark to the west coast of Norway, leading to the invasion of Scotland, was genetically documented. Could this in fact be Walking Rolfs relatives?

    Walking Rolfs uncle, Sigurd Eysteinson, was the first Norse earl of the Orkny Islands, north of Scotland, after Harald Hairfair and Ragnvald Eysteinsson, Walking Rolfs father, had raided the country together. The relatives of Walking Rolf continued ruling Scotland and Ireland for centuries, with base in the Orkney Islands.

    The Norwegian TribeMapper markings of Rollos cousins in Maglios report, could also match the relatives of Walking Rolf:
    The upper north marker is north of where Walking Rolfs grandfather Eystein Glumra Ivarsson lived, in Nord-Trøndelag. This is also where Walking Rolf was born.
    At the second marker, in the northern parts of Møre, his father Ragnvald was appointed earl by King Harald. Later he also became earl of south Møre.
    The third marker is close to Sogn, where Harald Fairhair was earl prior to becoming the first Norwegian King. Harald was married to Walking Rolfs aunt, Svanhild Eysteinsdatter.
    Both Sogn and Møre is in the west coast of Norway.
    The last marker is near Oslo. We know that Walking Rolf made an unauthorized raid against Viken in the Oslo fjord. For this he was expelled from Norway by King Harald. Viken was also King Haralds birthplace.

    There is no valid documentation in Norwegian history of Eysteins Ivarssons forfathers. This was maybe because they were actually not living in Norway, thus making Eystein an immigrant.

    The Orkney saga, providing information of Walking Rolfs ancestors, was written when his relatives still were earls there. It is reasonable to assume that they would know their own family history back to Norway. Orkney was after all Norwegian territory.
    But any older information back to Denmark would naturally soon be forgotten. References of mythical Danish Kings like Halfdan the Old, Sveide Sea King and Gor, is most certainly added just to “boost up” the family story and gain social credibility. In Norwegian folklore they are earls of Oppland, which is actually high up in the interior mountain region of Norway. That is definitely no place for a Sea King. All they probably knew was that Eystein Ivarsson was from Denmark.

    The Y-chromosome is only inherited from father to son. Walking Rolfs Y-chromosome would therefore be Danish, as the DNA findings for Rollo stated.

    Both the Orkney saga identifying Rollo as Walking Rolf, and Dudo, claiming Rollo to be of Danish descendance, would then be true.
    After being expelled from Norway, Walking Rolf was hiding out in the northern regions of Scotland. Dudos description of an island protected by high alps would certainly match the island Hirta in the outer Hebrides better than Denmark, - Hirtir meaning “stags” in Norse.

    In France, the saying that he was walking because no horse could carry him, is unknown. Here Rollo was known as a good horseman. But the old Norwegian horses, the still existing Nordlands horses, are relatively small. In mid Europe the horses were bigger.
    Rollo was baptised when settling in Normandy. It was not unusual then to take a new name. Maybe he chose the name Rollo after his older half brother Rollaug?

    Thus making Rollo “the Norwegian Viking” with Danish blood.

    /
    Øyvind Eliassen

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. R1b-L21 did not originate in Norway though.It is most predominent in Ireland, followed by Wales & Scotland.What I have read is that the Norse took slaves back with them to Norway, Iceland etc. & is the reason why R1b-L21 is so prevalent. Rollo could have been a decendant of an Atlantic Celtic Slave, plus his aristocratic / royal descendants also ;)

      Delete
  10. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  11. From yDNA STR marker testing I have patrilineal matches at 25@2 STR markers from the Rhineland area of Germany and also from the Breton Marches. While both areas are marked on your charts. I also match three separate Pitt(s) patrilines at 67@6 STR markers. While some Pitt(s) surnames originate from the Norman 'Gervais de la Puette'. While my own patriline is English as far back as I can be sure. So it's quite strange to have such close patrilineal genetic matches from the Rhineland and Loire areas. This information I found out from genetic genealogy research on my Y chromosome I found very surprising. The kits I mentioned all share the following SNP designation with me L21>DF13>Z16500>Z17901>A7309+ while in the Z17901+ SNP group above we have a Norton plus a Bean and Bayne from the Norman family "de Bayeux". Whether or not I could be a yDNA descendent of the House of Normandy. I suppose would be cool bragging rights. Although of little other value. I don't seem to match any other Holt's for yDNA in FTDNA's database. Although I do have genetic proof that my grandfather Holt was my biological grandfather and shared at least one biological parent with his sister. I personally match your STR estimation for Rollo at 67@16 Although I suppose unless they start opening the crypts of male members of the House of Normandy. Then no one will ever really know for sure.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Please, if possible contact me at sylvapolitana@yahoo.it

      I have some questions about Pitt(s): north Italy by mother.

      I'm very surprised they can relate with Normans since by father I can go up to Normans (in Sicily).

      Thank you

      Delete
    2. This comment has been removed by the author.

      Delete
  12. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  13. Michael, I have been tested with FTDNA to 111 markers. At 67, I have 50 exact and 14 within +/- 1. (38 to 67 = 27 of 30 with 3 markers +/-1).
    My paternal grandfather was born in Copenhagen and I found records that his great gf came from Nörre Thiße in Jutland. We are R1b1a2a1a2c1f2c, Z253, Z2534, Z2185/S893, CTS4314/S884. Only 3 others are in this group to date. One is a man who traces back to France. The other two are from the UK and one, an Englishman, has texted me previously that he has traced back to Norman roots.
    Could you please give your thoughts on this matter.
    Thank you, William Christiansen

    ReplyDelete
  14. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  15. I am part of a dna project of people that say they originated in Normandy. One of them carries the R1b that you came up with for William the Conqueror. It's pretty close, very close. It's only off on a a few places by one step. There are three men in the project with three different haplogroups with same last name. One has a different last name and is from Italy, but seems to match one of the men in the other English/ Norman group. The R1b man says that his DNA is showing an origin of Tromso Norway. That's way NORTH! I haven't looked at why he is saying that, but it's still very interesting. The Italian in the group seems to have followed a path from Normandy, to the Basque Region of Spain to Southern Italy. He maybe associated with la Mota tower. That's where I believe King Alfonso launched the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa. Some of the Norman knights were there.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Walking Rolf Ragnvaldson, who according to the Orkney saga and other sources became Rollo of Normandy was presumably born at Mære by Steinkjær, where his grandfather Eystein Glumra lived. This is up north but still quite a distance from Tromsø. Maybe some of his relatives moved further north?

      Delete
  16. I am a living descendant of Rollo and his lineage through King John. My hablogroup is I1. My family is born in Scania in Sweden. Rollo was also born in Scania in the county Rönne. The name Rouen is the same as Roenne. Rollo was the grandson of the Scanian king Osfred Hrollefr Godfredsson. This family was the owner of the regale and banner which was used by the Scanian royal family.The royal banner was the red flag with the golden cross.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Benny, I am interested in your Scania ancestors. I have one DNA match for a person who has always lived in Sweden. The only person I could figure out who might be a common ancestor was Harald Godfredsson, from the Crovan dynasty but he was not from Sweden. There are a few Godfredsson's. The one you mention, Scanian king Osfred Hrollefr Godfredsson, which is difficult to find information on, the Crovan dynasty Godfredsson, and King Haarik Godfredsson of Denmark, Viking King. I am wondering if you are a member of any of the DNA groups? Thank you.

      Delete
    2. Hi Benny ... could you be more precise ... which I1 subclade are you?

      Delete
    3. I belong to I2a. The Scanian king Osfred Hrollefr Godfredsson is one of king Godfred´s sons. Godfred was king in Jutland and Scania until 810. When Godfred was killed 810 become his son Osfred Hrollefr King of Scania. He was King of Scania during the period with internal conflicts about the leadership in Jutland and Hedeby. Osfred Hrollefr Godfredsson was the leader in Scania and the head of the Scanian conquest of Great Britain, France and Russia. He have four important children. Askettil Asger Osfredsson, probably Rollos father. Holger the Dane Osfredsson. Guthrum Osfredsson (East Anglia). Ragnhild Osfredsson married with Ivar the Boneless.

      Delete
  17. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  18. "In January, French officials granted a Norwegian application to open the tomb of Rollo’s grandson and great-grandson, Richard I of Normandy (also known as Richard the Fearless) and Richard II, also called Richard the Good."

    http://www.thelocal.no/20160302/was-viking-ruler-rollo-danish-or-norwegian

    ReplyDelete
  19. I am currently doing my line of ancestry and find Rollo in it as well (I can trace back way beyond him following Norwegian geneology) I would like to offer my ancestry.com for you to see if you would like. I would like to know if there is a way to send you a swab to see if my markers indeed match up with this family. Interested?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi I'm have Rollo in my family tree and I'm on ancestry. I would be interested and seeing what you found on him. My email is jessiereindahl@gmail.com

      Delete
  20. There's an assumption problem in trying to get at ancient yDNA from present yDNA: While the haplotype doesn't change much from one generation to another, it does tend to change a little and in ways we can't predict. The odds of any particular marker mutating in a single generation are small but with more markers and more generations, they get bigger. These changes are likely to be cumulative so that the ancient and modern haplotypes don't look as similar as one might think.

    ReplyDelete
  21. There's an assumption problem in trying to get at ancient yDNA from present yDNA: While the haplotype doesn't change much from one generation to another, it does tend to change a little and in ways we can't predict. The odds of any particular marker mutating in a single generation are small but with more markers and more generations, they get bigger. These changes are likely to be cumulative so that the ancient and modern haplotypes don't look as similar as one might think.

    ReplyDelete
  22. Hi Mich,
    Do you have any idea what or how profond the dna test on the Rollo descendants will be? Maybe as deep as a Big-Y?
    Gr, Paul van Gestel (Haplogroup is R-Z27257)
    paul

    ReplyDelete
  23. http://norwaytoday.info/culture/dna-hunters-unopened-viking-grave-in-normandie/

    Has anyone gotten the results form these samples and can someone be tested against them?

    ReplyDelete
  24. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  25. Was the fortress "Castrum de Ruello" in Rolle, Switzerland, a fortress built for Rollo originally?

    ReplyDelete
  26. My 9th great grandfather is Sir Robert Dudley 1533. His son is my maternal 2nd cousin. Dudley of Sutton Dudley Castle is the known father to son 34th great grandson of Baldwin II or Strong Arm of Flanders. The key markers for Sutton family are known to be 35-35-11-10 at markers 34-37. I match that and am within 1 step of all the known grandsons of le Teuton Sutton. I have the comparrison of those lines to myself triangulated and since the known like of Dudley went extinct with my second Cousin in Italy around 17 that's all we can compare are 23/25 agreement on Y for 2nd cousin of Robert Dudley and 59/67 of Robert Sutton 1564 known to be Dudley's 6th cousin. DC Rice 1948 9th great grandson of Dudley and 35th ggson of BAlDWIN II

    ReplyDelete
  27. Hi! I like this article very much. If anybody can help me... I've been looking for the origins of my surname SUBTIL and I don't know anything yet. The only thing I know is that it is from Normandy and this family was a kind of noble. I think that means I have some scandinavian origin.

    ReplyDelete
  28. Rollo was an Atlantic Celt then or a desendant of the Proto-Celts that occupied most of Western half of the UK + Ireland which are still in prominence to this day.

    ReplyDelete
  29. R1BA2A1A L-11 Hrollager Rognvaldsson (855 - 904)

    My Y ancestor

    ReplyDelete
  30. I've looked at your markers and the only difference that I have is in the very first marker 12 instead of 13. Our Gilpin name was to have originated during the Norman Conquest and the Gilpin was seated in Westmoreland. How does this information fit in with your research?

    ReplyDelete
  31. I'm a direct descendant of many royal families. My ex is a direct descendant of king U-something, a northern Irish king (same y thingy), but my dad's family are durect to Richard III, Duke of Normandy, through Elena, his illegitimate daughter, with Hugh Huse, Walter, William, and John Hussey, all cousins to William the CinwConqu, who fought with him at Battle of Hastings in 1066. Joseph Hussey left Fordingbridge England in 1750 and migrated to Canada, where they've lived ever since. My mom is from a very narrow illegitimate line from Edward VII, eldest son of Queen Victoria, and a bunch of other royals in Europe, and also, consequently, a jewish descendant of king David, Moses, and Aaron, on both sides of her family, with Jewish ancestors who converted to Christianity in Germany 2-5 generations before her--two on her father's side (his mom), 5 on her mom's maternal line(maternal direct great great grandfather.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Tamara,
      I would be very interested in learning more of Joseph Hussey of Fordingbridge. Do you know when he was born/baptized and where he emigrated to in Canada?
      Blaine Hussey

      Delete
    2. A big thanks to dr Ogbefun for helping me to cast death spell on my uncle who killed my parents because of his company, and the matter was taking to court and was not giving justice because i was not having any prove not until i came across this great spell caster online and i explain everything that happened to him and he promise to help me cast the spell within 48 hours that i should send my uncle full name and his picture that is going to confess before he die which i did as he commanded. within 2days my uncle started confessing and finally die. am grateful for what dr Ogbefun did for me and with that i promise to share this testimony to all the viewers around the globe, after he cast the death spell. you can contact ogbefun for any death spell, such as to kill your superior in the office and take his or her place, death spell to kill your father and inherit his wealth ,death spell to kill anyone who have scammed you in the past, spell for increase in salaries, spell for promotion at the office, spell to get your ex lover back, if things is not working well in your life then you need to contact him now via email ogbefunhearlingtemple@gmail.com add him on whatsapp line +2348102574680. 

      Delete
  32. We have no scanScandina left on my father's side but definitely kept one Danish gene for some hereditary illness which none of ys has manifested for generations untold. That Danish gene is very persistent. Did other of Rollo's male heirs have this gene?

    ReplyDelete
  33. Hello I'm R-M269 U106 U198 with the last test Ive done all the way Down to a Whooping R-Y14069 NOT MUCH ON IT YET BUT I DO HAVE my male lineage going Back to Hubert DEBURGH which Hubert claims his lineage back to Robert of Morton Deburgh...which was Williams half brother who knows maybe one day everyone would test to give us a Better picture

    ReplyDelete
  34. MY NAME IS DAVID Birge by the way....R-Y14069..FTDNA #B138206

    ReplyDelete
  35. @Catzndoltz... I notice you mention a few Grays,,, it is looking like a Gray ancestor was the mother of William the conqueror, and I also have a living paternal brother to cross DNA, but I think the De Groy is missing from too much and needed to be added...
    It needs noted that after Hastings, our first line was given the castle of Chillingham.

    ReplyDelete
  36. A big thanks to dr Ogbefun for helping me to cast death spell on my uncle who killed my parents because of his company, and the matter was taking to court and was not giving justice because i was not having any prove not until i came across this great spell caster online and i explain everything that happened to him and he promise to help me cast the spell within 48 hours that i should send my uncle full name and his picture that is going to confess before he die which i did as he commanded. within 2days my uncle started confessing and finally die. am grateful for what dr Ogbefun did for me and with that i promise to share this testimony to all the viewers around the globe, after he cast the death spell. you can contact ogbefun for any death spell, such as to kill your superior in the office and take his or her place, death spell to kill your father and inherit his wealth ,death spell to kill anyone who have scammed you in the past, spell for increase in salaries, spell for promotion at the office, spell to get your ex lover back, if things is not working well in your life then you need to contact him now via email ogbefunhearlingtemple@gmail.com add him on whatsapp line +2348102574680. 

    ReplyDelete
  37. JOIN ILLUMINATI HOME OF RICHES,FAME AND POWER FROM ANY COUNTRY +27785167256… Are you a businessman,student,teachers, trying to become rich. here is the opportunity you have been waiting for to get the riches. the Illuminati are welcoming new member to the brotherhood which are going to be bless with money. Once you are a member there are benefit you are going to receive such as: A Cash Reward of USD $9,000,000 USD, A New Sleek Dream CAR valued at USD $800,000 USD. A Dream House bought in the country of your own choice One Month holiday (fully paid) to your dream tourist destination. One year Golf Membership package A V.I.P treatment in all Airports in the World, A total Lifestyle change Access to Bohemian Grove Monthly payment of $5,000,000 USD into your bank account every month as a member. illuminati home of riches,fame and power help you get to your dream,where you can rule the world, contact Us to proceed with your initiation,,
    ,WHATSAPP US +27785167256 The Illuminati is World wind organization. Bringing the needy and the talented to lamplight of fame and riches. Get money, fame, powers, security, get recognized in your business, political race, rise to the top in whatever you do, be protected spiritually and physically! WELCOME TO ILLUMINATI How to join Illuminati In Switzerland – How to join Illuminati In Sweden -How to join Illuminati In Norway

    ReplyDelete
  38. @@##HOW TO BRING BACK LOST LOVER CALL ON +27605775963 SPELLS AND BLACK MAGIC SPELLS THAT WORK IMMEDIATELY@@##
    ,Magic Love Spells, Easy Love Spells, and Powerful Love Spells. Real Love Spells, Magic times Love Spells are used to get back your Lost Love, Break up Spells, or Love Spells or Soul Mate who is with someone else. Like Anti contact the no 1 spell caster contact divorce spells, Lovers Spells, Spell Casting Protection Spells Voodoo Dolls of love. Heal yourself now with powerful spells in the field of Love success;MAMA plays an important role in black white magic. And some of the white magic spells are Marriage Spells, Fertility Spells, Witch Craft Spells of love, **** Spells, Lust Spells, Gay Love Spells, *** Love Spells, attraction love spells, binding love spells, are in demand. Magic Love Spells for New Love or magic Love Spells to Attract new Love are very common spells. Looking for Magic Spells to attract new love or spells to attract new love. Come here where many powerful love spells are available. Love spells can be used as Protection Spells especially to Protect Marriage or Divorce as Marriage Spells. Break up Spells or Breaking Love Spells or Divorce Spells.
    Call Or Whats app On +27605775963

    ReplyDelete
  39. I will forever be indebted to the great Doctor Tebe for fixing my broken marriage after my husband left me for his mistress for 6 months. I never believed in spells until my friend introduced me to him. At first, I was skeptical about him because I heard a lots about false spell casters but I put my doubts behind me for i was desperate to get my husband back and I did according to what he instructed me to do. Now my husband is back just within 48 hours of contacting him. I'm living happily with my husband again after 6 months of divorce and I will not rest till he's known all over the world. He's also specialize in money spells, lottery spells, sickness spells E.T.C. Get connected with Doctor alfredspellhome on dralfredspellsolutionhome@gmail.com or call/whatsapp +2348119017866

    ReplyDelete
  40. Spell to fix your broken marriage or relationship problem or after a divorce or Breakup,I was recently scam by two of them, until one faithful day i meet a man called Dr Oselumen who help me to get back to the father of my kid after we have been separated for two years,I only pay for the items required for the spell and he cast the spell for me within 24hours my ex husband called me and beg me to forgive him for everything until the end of the world he will never leave me again we are back together.if you need a real and quick love spell or you are passing through pregnancy problem Dr Oselumen is the answer, Please if any body needs. LOVE SPELL,LOTTERY,PREGNANCY SPELL, DIVORCE SPELL,STOP COURT CASE AND WIN ANY COURT PROBLEM,DEATH SPELL,BUSINESS SPELL AND MANY MORE YOU MAY NEED. Email him now for your own help. via email droselumen@gmail.com add him on whatsapp line or call +2348054265852.  

    ReplyDelete
  41. Hello everyone , I was totally broken when the love of my life left me it was so hard for me and I almost gave up if not for a friend who directed me to a very good and powerful man called Dr Ralph who helped me bring back the love of my life and now he treat me with so much love and care. I don’t know what kind of problem you are passing through but with what he did for me I know he can help you. So try and talk to him on WhatsApp on: +2347037816417 Or email at: Ralphspellsolution@gmail.com. He has a permanent solution to any type of problems such as: Lottery Spell, Love Spell, Power Spell, Psychic reading, Success Spell, Cure of any sickness, Pregnancy Spell, Marriage Spell,Job Spell, Protection Spell,Win court Case Spell, Luck Spell and many more.

    ReplyDelete
  42. HOW I GOT MY EX HUSBAND BACK WITH THE HELP OF DR DIDII want to tell you all that i was able to put an end to my divorce issue and restore my marriage again, because i never wanted it to happen. i don't know what came over my husband that he was filling for divorce, i tried to talk to him out of it when he told me and he didn't listen to me, i had no other option than to seek for the help of a spell caster and now am glad I did. Because if not for the help of spell, i don't know what would have become of me by now because i loved my husband so much that i couldn't stand loosing him. i saw a post on a "love and relationship forum" about a spell caster who helps people to cast spell on 
    marriage and relationship issues, when i contacted this spell caster via 
    email, he helped me cast a re-union spell and my husband changed and came 
    apologizing to me and the kids. Contact this great spell caster for your 
    relationship or marriage issues 
     (drdidisolutiontemple@gmail.com or whatsapp +2349018958016) to know more about him visit his website https://drdidisolutiontemple.weebly.com https://mariabill803.blogspot.com/   https://drdidisolutiontemple.weebly.com/testimonies.html that's how  i got the help to restore
    my marriage by dr didi.  

    ReplyDelete
  43. WHAT A GREAT MIRACLE THAT I HAVE EVER SEE IN MY LIFE. My names are Clara David I’m a citizen of USA, My younger sister was sicking of breast cancer and her name is Sandra David I and my family have taking her to all kind of hospital in USA still yet no good result. I decided to go to the internet and search for cancer cure so that was how I find a lady called peter Lizzy she was testifies to the world about the goodness of a herbal man who has the roots and herbs to cure all kind of disease and the herbal man email was there. So I decided to contact the herbal man @herbalist_sakura for my younger sister help to cure her breast cancer. I contacted him and told him my problem he told me that I should not worry that my sister cancer will be cure, he told me that there is a medicine that he is going to give me that I will cook it and give it to my sister to drink for one week, so I ask how can I receive the cure that I am in USA, he told me That I will pay for the delivery service. The courier service can transport it to me so he told me the amount I will pay, so my dad paid for the delivery fee. two days later I receive the cure from the courier service so I used it as the herbal man instructed me to, before the week complete my sister cancer was healed and it was like a dream to me not knowing that it was physical I and my family were very happy about the miracle of Doctor so my dad wanted to pay him 5 million us dollars the herbal man did not accept the offer from my dad, but I don't know why he didn't accept the offer, he only say that I should tell the world about him and his miracle he perform so am now here to tell the world about him if you or your relative is having any kind of disease that you can't get from the hospital please contact dr.sakuraspellalter@gmail.com or whats app him +2348110114739  you can follow him up on Instagram @herbalist_sakura for the cure, he will help you out with the problem. And if you need more information about the doctor you can mail me davidclara223@gmail.com 

    ReplyDelete
  44. So Rollo wasn't really Scandinavian after all. Aboriginal Scandinavians are all "I" haplogroup. As an "R" haplogroup member, Rollo would have descended from (relatively) recently arriving interlopers.

    ReplyDelete
  45. What a wonderful and a straight forward spell caster that has brought back joy and happiness into my life! Am giving this testimony because am so happy, I want to thank Dr. Osasu for the great thing He has done in my life , He brought happiness back to my life, I never believed in spell casters until my life fell apart when my lover of 6 years decided to call it quit almost when we wanted to get married. I was so emotional breakdown to the extent i could not do anything reasonable again, after 2months in pain before an old friend of mine introduced me to a spell caster on line called Dr Osasu, this was after I have been scammed by various fake spell casters. I was introduced me to Dr Osasu a true Spell Caster. In less than 24 hours i saw wonders, my lover came back to me and my life got back just like a completed puzzle, and after 1month later we got married and it was just like a dream to me because i thought i had lost him forever. Thank you Dr. Osasu for helping me but most of all, Your Honesty and Fast Accurate Results. email: Drosasu25@gmail.com WhatsApp Number: +2347064365391

    ReplyDelete
  46. What a wonderful and a straight forward spell caster that has brought back joy and happiness into my life! Am giving this testimony because am so happy, I want to thank Dr. Osasu for the great thing He has done in my life , He brought happiness back to my life, I never believed in spell casters until my life fell apart when my lover of 6 years decided to call it quit almost when we wanted to get married. I was so emotional breakdown to the extent i could not do anything reasonable again, after 2months in pain before an old friend of mine introduced me to a spell caster on line called Dr Osasu, this was after I have been scammed by various fake spell casters. I was introduced me to Dr Osasu a true Spell Caster. In less than 24 hours i saw wonders, my lover came back to me and my life got back just like a completed puzzle, and after 1month later we got married and it was just like a dream to me because i thought i had lost him forever. Thank you Dr. Osasu for helping me but most of all, Your Honesty and Fast Accurate Results. email: Drosasu25@gmail.com WhatsApp Number: +2347064365391

    ReplyDelete
  47. HOW DR. UNEME brought back my ex lover unemespellben@gmail.com
    Am DONNA, am from UK. After been in a relationship with my Boyfriend for 1 year now and we were planning to get married soon and all of a sudden he left me for another girl. of a truth, I really love this guy and never can I imagine life without him. I further tried all my best to get him back but all my effort to get him back in my life did not work out. It was on this faithful day, I came across some Testimonies on a website about this great spell caster called (Dr. UNEME) any persons claimed that he help them to renew their relationship and bring their ex lover back, I had to contact him because he was my last hope. I contacted him through his email and he assured me that in three days time my boyfriend is going to leave the other girl and come back to me and it was a very great surprise to see my boyfriend coming back to me after three days the spell was done. I am so very happy today that he came back to me and i achieved this with the help of Dr UNEME I equally want to use this opportunity to Tell/Advice to as many who need their ex back, if you need his help you can Contact him through
    EMAIL: unemespellben@gmail.com WHATSAPP HIM @ +2348143813120


    Thank You Once Again Dr.UNEME

    ReplyDelete
  48. Hello Readers .I am very happy to share this amazing testimony, i was hurt and heart broken when my husband leave me for another woman i was confused and didn't know what to do, i loved him so much, i tried all i could to make her come back to me but to no avail, on one faithfully day as i was coming from work i met a friend of mine whom i explain my problem to, and he told me of a spell caster and a good spiritualist called "Dr. tunde whom also made her pregnant when she was looking for a child, i contacted the spell caster through the email she gave to me, and the spell caster told me what to do and i did exactly as i was told, to my greatest surprise, my husband come back to me and started apologizing and now she is with me brothers and sisters if you know you are passing through any kind problem contact him and i give you 100% guarantee that he will solve your problems. You can contact him via his email: babatundesolutioncentre1@gmail.com or via his whats-app: +2348143581382 Also specialize in treating all kinds of illness, HERPES VIRUS, HEPATITIS B, CANCER, BRAIN DISEASE, INFERTILITY, DIABETES AND MORE

    ReplyDelete
  49. I want to thank Dr Emu a very powerful spell caster who help me to bring my husband back to me, few month ago i have a serious problem with my husband, to the extend that he left the house, and he started dating another woman and he stayed with the woman, i tried all i can to bring him back, but all my effort was useless until the day my friend came to my house and i told her every thing that had happened between me and my husband, then she told me of a powerful spell caster who help her when she was in the same problem I then contact Dr Emu and told him every thing and he told me not to worry my self again that my husband will come back to me after he has cast a spell on him, i thought it was a joke, after he had finish casting the spell, he told me that he had just finish casting the spell, to my greatest surprise within 48 hours, my husband really came back begging me to forgive him, if you need his help you can contact him with via email: Emutemple@gmail.com or add him up on his whatsapp +2347012841542 is willing to help any body that need his help.
    For more details about Dr Emu visit his Website: http://emutemple.website2.me/

    ReplyDelete
  50. I admit, I have a tremendous sex drive. My boyfriend lives forty miles away. Hey, i am looking for an online sexual partner ;) Click on my boobs if you are interested (. )( .)

    ReplyDelete
  51. Hi viewers, I'm posting this Because i found lots of people having marriage problems which I also experienced. I recently found help from a man called Dr. Oselumen he did a great job that made my man fell back in love with me again after ten months of separation. I want you to know there are fake online spell Dr .s if someone out there needs help, can email this great spell caster, droselumen@gmail.com check or connect with him on WhatsApp +2348054265852. He will give you the best result.
    CONTACT HIM FOR ANY KIND OF HELP,MONEY SPELL,LOTTERY SPELL,PREGNANCY SPELL,DIVORCE SPELL,SPELL TO STOP COURT CASE AND WIN ANY COURT PROBLEM,DEATH SPELL,BUSINESS SPELL,HEALING SPELL,SPELL TO REMOVE BLACK MAGIC OUT FROM YOUR LIFE,FAMILY AND MARRIAGE PROBLEM.

    ReplyDelete
  52. Hello everyone i want testify how DR OKOLO the spell caster saved my marriage After being in relationship with my husband for
    years, he broke up with me because of another woman. I did everything within my reach to bring him
    back but all was in vain, I wanted him back so badly because of the love I
    had for him, I begged him with everything, I made promises but he refused.
    I explained my problem to my friend and she suggested that I should rather
    contact a spell caster that could help me cast a spell to bring him back , not knowing my husband was under spell
    I had no choice than to try it. I messaged the spell caster, and he assured
    me there was no problem and that everything will be okay before three days.
    He cast the spell and surprisingly on the second day, my husband called me.
    I was so surprised, I answered the call and all he said was that he was so
    sorry for everything that had happened He wanted me to return to him. He
    also said he loved me so much. I was so happy and went to him that was how
    we started living together happily again. The spell casters email is :
    drokolosolutioncenter@gmail.com. You can email him if you need his assistance in
    your relationship or any other Case. Or WhatApp him on+2347031895935

    1) Love Spells
    2) Lost Love Spells
    3) Divorce Spells
    4) Marriage Spells
    5) Binding Spell.
    6) Breakup Spells
    7) Banish a past Lover
    8.) You want to be promoted in your office/ Lottery spell
    9) want to satisfy your lover (10) Death spell
    Contact this great man if you are having any problem for a lasting solution
    through drokolosolutioncenter@gmail.com    

    ReplyDelete

Relaunching Origin Hunters

   For the past four years I haven't been very active writing or attending genealogical conferences.  My focus has been quietly he...